Safety Data Sheets of Potassium permanganate(PPM)
Section 1 - Chemical Product
Name: Potassium Permanganate
2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
7722-64-7 Permanganic permanganate 100 231-760-3
Symbols: XN O N
Risk Phrases: 22 8 50/53
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: dark purple solid. Danger! Strong oxidizer. Contact
with other material may cause a fire. May cause kidney damage.
May be harmful if swallowed. May cause severe respiratory tract
irritation with possible burns. May cause severe digestive tract
irritation with possible burns. Causes severe eye and skin irritation
with possible burns. Reproductively active.
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, central nervous system, liver,
lungs, respiratory system, eyes, skin.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation and possible burns. May cause
chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Skin: May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Causes skin
irritation and possible burns. May cause skin rash (in milder
cases), and cold and clammy skin with cyanosis or pale color.
Skin contact can cause brown stains in the area, and possible
hardenin g of the outer skin layer.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause severe and permanent
damage to the digestive tract. May cause severe gastrointestinal
tract irritation with nausea, vomiting and possible burns. May
cause liver and kidney damage. May cause perforation of the digestive
tract. May cause central nervous system effects. May be harmful
if swallowed. May form methemoglobin which in sufficient concentration
causes cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient
oxygenation of the blood). In high doses, manganese may increase
anemia by interfering with iron absorption. Manganese in general
is a central nervous system poison, and potassium permanganate
has also been shown to have this property.
Inhalation: Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Causes respiratory
tract irritation with possible burns. May cause central nervous
system effects such as nausea and headache.
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting
and dermatitis. Effects may be delayed. Laboratory experiments
have resulted in mutagenic effects. Chronic manganese toxicity
through inhalation may result in "manganism", which
is a disease of the central nervous system involving psychic and
neurological disorders. May cause kidney damage. May cause adverse
4 - First Aid Measures
Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub
or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required
(at least 30 minutes).
Skin: Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with
plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated
clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and
alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything
by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure
and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult,
give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing
has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable
mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician: Absorption of this product into the body may
cause cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient
oxygenation of the blood). Moderate degrees of cyanosis need to
be treated only by supportive measures: bed rest and oxygen inhalation.
If cyanosis is severe, intravenous injection of Methylene blue,
1mg/kg of body weight may be of value.
5 - Fire Fighting Measures
General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing
apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent),
and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible
materials may cause a fire. During a fire, irritating and highly
toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Some oxidizers may react explosively with hydrocarbons(fuel).
May accelerate burning if involved in a fire. Containers may explode
Extinguishing Media: Cool containers with flooding quantities
of water until well after fire is out. For small fires, do NOT
use dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, halon or foams. USE WATER ONLY.
For large fires, flood fire area with water from a distance.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Instability:
1; Special Hazard: OX
6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment
as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable
disposal container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches
which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing
precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating
dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside
containers. Do not use combustible materials such as paper towels
to clean up spill.
7 - Handling and Storage
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated
clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated
area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in
eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed.
Avoid contact with clothing and other combustible materials. Do
not ingest or inhale. Do not store near combustible materials.
Discard contaminated shoes.
Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store near
combustible materials. Keep container closed when not in use.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated
area away from incompatible substances.
8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material
should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower.
Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Permanganic permanganate none listed none listed none listed
Vacated PELs: Permanganic permanganate: No OSHA Vacated PELs are
listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety
goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations
in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's
29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard
EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant
a respirator's use.
9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Solid
Appearance: dark purple
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point:464 deg F
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: Moderately soluble in water.
10 - Stability and Reactivity
Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: High temperatures, incompatible materials,
dust generation, combustible materials, reducing agents.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong reducing agents,
peroxides, aluminum, zinc, lead, copper, copper alloys, organic
materials, sulfuric acid, glycerol, phosphorus, combustible organics,
ammonium nitrate, dimethyl formamide, ethylene glycol, hydroxylamine,
hydrogen trisulfide, antimony, ammonium salts, acids, sulfur,
acetic acid, acetic anhydride, arsenites, bromides, iodides, hydrochloric
acid, charcoal, ferric salts, mercurous salts, hypophosphites,
sulfites, alcohols, rubber.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Irritating and toxic fumes and
gases, oxygen, oxides of potassium, oxides of manganese.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
11 - Toxicological Information
CAS# 7722-64-7: SD6475000
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 2157 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 1090 mg/kg;
CAS# 7722-64-7: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: Intratesticular, rat: TDLo = 400 mg/kg (male
1 day(s) pre-mating) Fertility - male fertility index (e.g. #
males impregnating females per # males exposed to fertile nonpregnant
females).; Oral, mouse: TDLo = 513 mg/kg (male 5 day(s) pre-mating)
Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm
morphology, motility, and count).; Intratesticular, gerbil: TDLo
= 25 mg/kg (male 1 day(s) pre-mating) Fertility - male fertility
index (e.g. # males impregnating females per # males exposed to
fertile nonpregnant females).
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: Micronucleus Test: Oral, mouse = 205 mg/kg/24H (Continuous).;
Cytogenetic Analysis: Oral, mouse = 718 mg/kg/7D (Continuous).;
Cytogenetic Analysis: Mouse, Mammary gland = 1 mmol/L/48H.; Sperm
Morphology: Oral, mouse = 513 mg/kg/5D (Continuous).
Other Studies: No information available.
12 - Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity: Fish: Channel catfish: LC50 = 0.75 mg/L; 96 Hr; Unspecified
Goldfish: LC50 = 3.6 mg/L; 24 Hr; Unspecified Striped bass: LC50
= 1.5-5.0 mg/L; 24 Hr; Static bioassay No data available.
Environmental: No information available.
Physical: No information available.
Other: Harmful to aquatic life in very low concentrations.
13 - Disposal Considerations
waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is
classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification
determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally,
waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste
regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
14 - Transport Information
DOT IATA RID/ADR IMO Canada TDG
Shipping Name: POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE
Hazard Class: 5.1 5.1
UN Number: UN1490 UN1490
Packing Group: II II
15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7722-64-7 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 7722-64-7: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 7722-64-7: acute, flammable.
This material contains Permanganic permanganate (listed as Manganese),
100%, (CAS# 7722-64-7) which is subject to the reporting requirements
of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This
material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material
does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7722-64-7 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants
under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed
as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous
CAS# 7722-64-7 can be found on the following state right to know
lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in
this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
XN O N
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 8 Contact with combustible material may cause
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms; may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 60 This material and/or its container must be
disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/Safety data sheets.
CAS# 7722-64-7: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7722-64-7 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of C, E.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7722-64-7 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure
CAS# 7722-64-7: OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 5 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-BEL
GIUM:TWA 5 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 2 mg(Mn)/m3
;STEL 6 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 2.5 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUAR
Y 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 2.5 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:TWA
.3 mg(Mn)/m3;STEL 0.6 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 0.3
/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 1 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993
OEL-POLAND:TWA 0.3 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY 1993 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 1 mg(Mn)/m3
;STEL 2.5 mg(Mn)/m3 (resp. dust) OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 2.5 mg(Mn)/m3;STEL
mg(Mn)/m3 (total dust) OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 5 mg(Mn)/m3 JANUARY
93 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL
EW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV